My experience in the twenty-plus years that I have been pursuing Sabbath-keeping bears out that if I want a peaceful home, if I want Yeshua to fight my battles and be my rear guard, it is up to me to prepare for and honor His holy day. The promise is that if we do so, He will cause us to delight in Him and to ride on the high hills of the earth (Isaiah 58:13-14) and give us a name better than sons and daughters (Isaiah 56:1-8). In this post you will find a collection of all of the verses and passages that speak of the Sabbath and the Seventh Day, some 200 references. I invite you to spend time meditating on them. You might be surprised, as was I, at the calamity which Abba says came upon Israel and Judah for their lack of taking the fourth commandment seriously.Could it be that as Christians, the source of our sickness, financial lack, family chaos, national woes, and strength of our enemies be because we refuse the 4th commandment?
Established in the Beginning:
Gen. 2:2 And on the SEVENTH day God ended His work which He had made. And He rested on the SEVENTH day from all His work which He had made.
Gen. 2:3 And God blessed the SEVENTH day and sanctified it, because in it He had rested from all His work which God created to make.
According to New Testament writers, Jesus/Yeshua is the Creator [John 1:1-5, Col. 1:12-20, Heb. 1:2, 8-10, Heb. 11:3]. The SABBATH was instituted during the week of Creation, long before Abraham was born, long before the Law was given to Moses on Mt. Sinai. Therefore, the Sabbath, as our Savior said, was made for man[kind].
The Manna and the Sabbath:
.Exo 16:4 Then Jehovah said to Moses, Behold, I will rain bread from the heavens for you. And the people shall go out and gather a certain amount every day, that I may test them, whether they will walk in My Law or not.
Exo 16:5 And on the sixth day it shall happen, they shall prepare what they bring in. And it shall be twice as much as they gather day by day.
Exo 16:12 I have heard the murmurings of the sons of Israel. Speak to them, saying, You shall eat flesh at evening, and in the morning you shall be filled with bread. And you shall know that I am Jehovah your God.
Exo 16:13 And it happened at evening, the quails came up and covered the camp. And in the morning the dew lay all around the host.
Exo 16:14 And when the layer of dew had gone up, behold, there was a small round thing upon the face of the wilderness, small as the hoar-frost upon the ground.
Exo 16:15 And when the sons of Israel saw, they said each one to his brother, What is that? For they did not know what it was. And Moses said to them, This is the bread which Jehovah has given you to eat.
Exo 16:16 This is the thing which Jehovah has commanded: Each man gather of it according to his eating, an omer for a head, according to the number of your souls. Each one shall take for those who are in his camp.
Exo 16:17 And the sons of Israel did so, and gathered, some more, and some less.
Exo 16:18 And when they measured with an omer, he that gathered much had nothing over, and he that gathered little lacked nothing. They gathered each one according to his eating.
Exo 16:19 And Moses said, Let no man leave of it until the morning.
Exo 16:20 But they did not listen to Moses, but some of them left of it until the morning. And it became rotten with maggots, and stank. And Moses was angry with them.
Exo 16:21 And they gathered it every morning, each man according to his eating. And when the sun became hot, it melted.
Exo 16:22 And it happened, on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for one. And all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses.
Exo 16:23 And he said to them, This is that which Jehovah has said, Tomorrow is the rest of the holy SABBATH to Jehovah. Bake what you will bake today, and boil what you will boil. And that which remains over, lay up for you to be kept until the morning.
[Notice the principle of food prep prior to Sabbath]
Exo 16:24 And they laid it up until the morning, as Moses said. And it did not stink, neither was there any worm in it.
Exo 16:25 And Moses said, Eat that today. For today is a SABBATH to Jehovah. Today you shall not find it in the field.
Exo 16:26 Six days you shall gather it, but on the SEVENTH day, the SABBATH, in it there shall be none.
Exo 16:27 And it happened some of the people went out on the SEVENTH day in order to gather. And they did not find any.
Exo 16:28 And Jehovah said to Moses, How long do you refuse to keep My commandments and My Laws?
Exo 16:29 See, because Jehovah has given you the SABBATH, therefore He gives you the bread of two days on the sixth day. Each one stay in his place. Let not any one go out of his place on the SEVENTH day.
Exo 16:30 So the people rested on the SEVENTH day.
Exo 16:31 And the house of Israel called the name of it manna. And it was like coriander seed, white. And the taste of it was like wafers with honey.
Exo 16:32 And Moses said, This is the thing which Jehovah has commanded: Fill an omer of it to be kept for your generations, so that you may see the bread with which I have fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you forth from the land of Egypt.
Exo 16:33 And Moses said to Aaron, Take a pot and put an omer full of manna in it, and lay it up before Jehovah, to be kept for your generations.
Sabbath Included in the Ten Commandments:
Exo 20:1-2 And God spoke all these words, saying, I am Jehovah your God, who has brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. You shall have no other gods before Me.
Exo 20:4-6 You shall not make to yourselves any graven image, or any likeness of anything that is in the heavens above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. You shall not bow yourself down to them, nor serve them. For I Jehovah your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the sons to the third and fourth generation of those that hate me, and showing mercy to thousands of those that love Me and keep My commandments.
Exo 20:7 You shall not take the name of Jehovah your God in vain. For Jehovah will not hold him guiltless that takes His name in vain.
Exo 20:8-11 “Remember the SABBATH day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor, and do all your work, but the seventh day is a SABBATH to the LORD your God. On it you shall not do any work, you, or your son, or your daughter, your male servant, or your female servant, or your livestock, or the sojourner who is within your gates. For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the SABBATH day and made it holy.
Notice the Fourth Commandment is the longest and most detailed of all of the commandments.
Exo 20:12 Honor your father and your mother, so that your days may be long upon the land which Jehovah your God gives you.
Exo 20:13 You shall not kill.
Exo 20:14 You shall not commit adultery.
Exo 20:15 You shall not steal.
Exo 20:16 You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
Exo 20:17 You shall not covet your neighbor’s house. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor anything that is your neighbor’s.
Other Commandments Regarding SABBATH:
Exo 31:12 And Jehovah spoke to Moses saying,
Exo 31:13 Speak also to the sons of Israel, saying, Truly you shall keep My SABBATHS. For it is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, to know that I am Jehovah who sanctifies you.
[In context, it should be noted here that the previous SEVEN chapters of Exodus are filled with God’s instructions to build and furnish the tabernacle in the wilderness, equipping the priests, and designating the offerings that will be used to consecrate the tabernacle. Yet, at the conclusion of this very detailed information, He issues a long and strong reminder, including the consequences should they fail to obey. In other words, not even in the case of building the very sanctuary for God will He excuse their working on the Shabbat. These days are for the Bridegroom to meet with His bride with no distractions so He can show us the wrinkles, stains, and spots on our wedding gown.]
Exo 31:14 You shall keep the SABBATH therefore, for it is holy to you. Everyone that defiles it shall surely be put to death. For whoever does any work in it, that soul shall be cut off from among his people.
Exo 31:15 Six days may work be done, but on the SEVENTH is the SABBATH of rest, holy to Jehovah. Whoever does any work in the SABBATH day, he shall surely be put to death.
Exo 31:16 Therefore the sons of Israel shall keep the SABBATH, to observe the SABBATH throughout their generations, for an everlasting covenant.
Exo 31:17 It is a sign between Me and the sons of Israel forever. For in six days Jehovah made the heavens and the earth, and on the SEVENTH day He rested, and was refreshed.
Exo 31:18 And He gave to Moses, when He had made an end of speaking with him upon Mount Sinai, two tablets of the testimony, tablets of stone, written by the finger of God.
Exo 35:1 And Moses gathered all the congregation of the sons of Israel together and said to them, These are the words which Jehovah has commanded, to do them.
Exo 35:2 Six days shall work be done, but on the SEVENTH day there shall be to you a holy day, a SABBATH of rest to Jehovah. Whoever does work in it shall be put to death.
Exo 35:3 You shall kindle no fire throughout your living places upon the SABBATH day.
Sabbaths in the Feasts of the LORD
[Lev 23:1-44 NKJV] 1 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 2 “Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: ‘The feasts of the LORD, which you shall proclaim [to be] holy convocations, these [are] My feasts.
3 ‘Six days shall work be done, but the seventh day [is] a SABBATH of solemn rest, a holy convocation. You shall do no work [on it]; it [is] the SABBATH of the LORD in all your dwellings. 4 ‘These [are] the feasts of the LORD, holy convocations which you shall proclaim at their appointed times.
Passover, Firstfruits, and Unleavened Bread
5 ‘On the fourteenth [day] of the first month at twilight [is] the LORD’s Passover. 6 ‘And on the fifteenth day of the same month [is] the Feast of Unleavened Bread to the LORD; seven days you must eat unleavened bread. 7 ‘On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall do no customary work on it. 8 ‘But you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD for seven days. The seventh day [shall be] a holy convocation; you shall do no customary work [on it].’ ” 9 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 10 “Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: ‘When you come into the land which I give to you, and reap its harvest, then you shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest to the priest. 11 ‘He shall wave the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted on your behalf; on the day after the SABBATH the priest shall wave it. 12 ‘And you shall offer on that day, when you wave the sheaf, a male lamb of the first year, without blemish, as a burnt offering to the LORD. 13 ‘Its grain offering [shall be] two-tenths [of an ephah] of fine flour mixed with oil, an offering made by fire to the LORD, for a sweet aroma; and its drink offering [shall be] of wine, one-fourth of a hin. 14 ‘You shall eat neither bread nor parched grain nor fresh grain until the same day that you have brought an offering to your God; [it shall be] a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. 15 ‘
And you shall count for yourselves from the day after the SABBATH, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering: seven SABBATHS shall be completed. 16 ‘Count fifty days to the day after the seventh SABBATH ; then you shall offer a new grain offering to the LORD. 17 ‘You shall bring from your dwellings two wave [loaves] of two-tenths [of an ephah]. They shall be of fine flour; they shall be baked with leaven. [They are] the firstfruits to the LORD. 18 ‘And you shall offer with the bread seven lambs of the first year, without blemish, one young bull, and two rams. They shall be [as] a burnt offering to the LORD, with their grain offering and their drink offerings, an offering made by fire for a sweet aroma to the LORD. 19 ‘Then you shall sacrifice one kid of the goats as a sin offering, and two male lambs of the first year as a sacrifice of a peace offering. 20 ‘The priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits [as] a wave offering before the LORD, with the two lambs. They shall be holy to the LORD for the priest. 21 ‘And you shall proclaim on the same day [that] it is a holy convocation to you. You shall do no customary work [on it. It shall be] a statute forever in all your dwellings throughout your generations. 22 ‘When you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not wholly reap the corners of your field when you reap, nor shall you gather any gleaning from your harvest. You shall leave them for the poor and for the stranger: I [am] the LORD your God.’ ”
Feast of Trumpets
23 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 24 “Speak to the children of Israel, saying: ‘In the seventh month, on the first [day] of the month, you shall have a SABBATH -[rest], a memorial of blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation. 25 ‘You shall do no customary work [on it]; and you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD.’ ”
Day of Atonement
26 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying: 27 “Also the tenth [day] of this seventh month [shall be] the Day of Atonement. It shall be a holy convocation for you; you shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire to the LORD. 28 “And you shall do no work on that same day, for it [is] the Day of Atonement, to make atonement for you before the LORD your God. 29 “For any person who is not afflicted [in soul] on that same day shall be cut off from his people. 30 “And any person who does any work on that same day, that person I will destroy from among his people. 31 “You shall do no manner of work; [it shall be] a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. 32 “It [shall be] to you a SABBATH of [solemn] rest, and you shall afflict your souls; on the ninth [day] of the month at evening, from evening to evening, you shall celebrate your SABBATH.”
Feast of Sukkot [Tabernacles]
33 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 34 “Speak to the children of Israel, saying: ‘The fifteenth day of this seventh month [shall be] the Feast of Tabernacles [for] seven days to the LORD. 35 ‘On the first day [there shall be] a holy convocation. You shall do no customary work [on it]. 36 ‘[For] seven days you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD. On the eighth day you shall have a holy convocation, and you shall offer an offering made by fire to the LORD. It [is] a sacred assembly, [and] you shall do no customary work [on it]. 37 ‘These [are] the feasts of the LORD which you shall proclaim [to be] holy convocations, to offer an offering made by fire to the LORD, a burnt offering and a grain offering, a sacrifice and drink offerings, everything on its day– 38 ‘besides the SABBATHS of the LORD, besides your gifts, besides all your vows, and besides all your freewill offerings which you give to the LORD. 39 ‘Also on the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have gathered in the fruit of the land, you shall keep the feast of the LORD [for] seven days; on the first day [there shall be] a SABBATH -[rest], and on the eighth day a SABBATH -[rest]. 40 ‘And you shall take for yourselves on the first day the fruit of beautiful trees, branches of palm trees, the boughs of leafy trees, and willows of the brook; and you shall rejoice before the LORD your God for seven days. 41 ‘You shall keep it as a feast to the LORD for seven days in the year. [It shall be] a statute forever in your generations. You shall celebrate it in the seventh month. 42 ‘You shall dwell in booths for seven days. All who are native Israelites shall dwell in booths, 43 ‘that your generations may know that I made the children of Israel dwell in booths when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I [am] the LORD your God.’ ”
44 So Moses declared to the children of Israel the feasts of the LORD.
Man Gathering Sticks
Num_15:32-40 While the people of Israel were in the wilderness, they found a man gathering sticks on the SABBATH day. And those who found him gathering sticks brought him to Moses and Aaron and to all the congregation. They put him in custody, because it had not been made clear what should be done to him. And the LORD said to Moses, “The man shall be put to death; all the congregation shall stone him with stones outside the camp.” And all the congregation brought him outside the camp and stoned him to death with stones, as the LORD commanded Moses. The LORD said to Moses, “Speak to the people of Israel, and tell them to make tassels on the corners of their garments throughout their generations, and to put a cord of blue on the tassel of each corner. And it shall be a tassel for you to look at and remember all the commandments of the LORD, to do them, not to follow after your own heart and your own eyes, which you are inclined to whore after. So you shall remember and do all my commandments, and be holy to your God. I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt to be your God: I am the LORD your God.”
Num_28:9 And on the SABBATH day two lambs of the first year without spot, and two-tenth parts of flour for a food offering, mixed with oil, and its drink offering;
Num_28:10 this is the burnt offering of every SABBATH, besides the continual burnt offering, and its drink offering.
Deu_5:12 Keep the SABBATH day to sanctify it, as Jehovah your God has commanded you.
Deu_5:14 But the SEVENTH day shall be the SABBATH of Jehovah your God. In it you shall not do any work, you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your manservant, nor your maidservant, nor your ox, nor your ass, nor any of your cattle, nor your stranger inside your gates, so that your manservant and your maidservant may rest like yourself.
Deu_5:15 And remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and Jehovah your God brought you out from there with a mighty hand and with a stretched-out arm. Therefore Jehovah your God commanded you to keep the SABBATH day.
2Ki_4:23 And he said, Why will you go to him today? It is neither new moon nor SABBATH. And she said, It is well.
2Ki_11:5 And he commanded them, saying, This is the thing that you shall do. A third part of you who enter in on the SABBATH shall be keepers of the watch of the king’s house.
2Ki_11:7 And two parts of you, all who go forth on the SABBATH, even they shall keep the watch of the house of Jehovah around the king.
2Ki_11:9 And the rulers of the hundreds did according to all that Jehoiada the priest commanded. And each man took his men, going in on the SABBATH, with those going out on the SABBATH, and came to Jehoiada the priest.
2Ki_16:18 And the covered way for the SABBATH which they had built in the house, and the king’s entry outside, he turned from the house of Jehovah for the king of Assyria.
1Ch_9:32 And others of the sons of the Kohathites, from among their brothers, were over The Bread of Arrangement, to prepare SABBATH by SABBATH.
1Ch_23:31 And they were to offer all burnt sacrifices to Jehovah in the SABBATH, in the new moons, and on the set feasts, by number, according to the order commanded to them, continually before Jehovah,
2Ch_23:4 This is the thing that you shall do. A third part of you entering on the SABBATH, of the priests and of the Levites, shall be keepers of the doors.
2Ch_23:8 And the Levites and all Judah did according to all things that Jehoiada the priest had commanded. And every man took his men who were to come in on the SABBATH, with the ones who were to go out on the SABBATH. For Jehoiada the priest did not dismiss the divisions.
2Ch_36:21 to fulfill the Word of Jehovah in the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed its SABBATHS. All the days of the desolation it kept the SABBATH, to the full measure of seventy years.
Psalm 92:1-15 A Psalm. A Song for the SABBATH. It is good to give thanks to the LORD, to sing praises to your name, O Most High; to declare your steadfast love in the morning, and your faithfulness by night, to the music of the lute and the harp, to the melody of the lyre. For you, O LORD, have made me glad by your work; at the works of your hands I sing for joy. How great are your works, O LORD! Your thoughts are very deep! The stupid man cannot know; the fool cannot understand this: that though the wicked sprout like grass and all evildoers flourish, they are doomed to destruction forever; but you, O LORD, are on high forever. For behold, your enemies, O LORD, for behold, your enemies shall perish; all evildoers shall be scattered. But you have exalted my horn like that of the wild ox; you have poured over me fresh oil. My eyes have seen the downfall of my enemies; my ears have heard the doom of my evil assailants. The righteous flourish like the palm tree and grow like a cedar in Lebanon. They are planted in the house of the LORD; they flourish in the courts of our God. They still bear fruit in old age; they are ever full of sap and green, to declare that the LORD is upright; he is my rock, and there is no unrighteousness in him.
Isa_1:13 Bring no more vain sacrifice; incense is an abomination to Me; the new moon and SABBATH, the going to meeting; I cannot endure evil and the assembly! [God could no longer endure their Sabbath meetings when their lives were full of lawlessness. The removal of the privilege of keeping Sabbath and His Feasts day was part of the judgment against first the northern and then the southern kingdom.]
The Sabbath is for Everyone
Isaiah 56:1-8 Thus says the LORD: “Keep justice, and do righteousness, for soon my salvation will come, and my righteousness be revealed. Blessed is the man who does this, and the son of man who holds it fast, who keeps the SABBATH, not profaning it, and keeps his hand from doing any evil.” Let not the foreigner who has joined himself to the LORD say, “The LORD will surely separate me from his people”; and let not the eunuch say, “Behold, I am a dry tree.” For thus says the LORD: “To the eunuchs who keep my SABBATHS, who choose the things that please me and hold fast my covenant, I will give in my house and within my walls a monument and a name better than sons and daughters; I will give them an everlasting name that shall not be cut off. And the foreigners who join themselves to the LORD, to minister to him, to love the name of the LORD, and to be his servants, everyone who keeps the SABBATH and does not profane it, and holds fast my covenant— these I will bring to my holy mountain, and make them joyful in my house of prayer; their burnt offerings and their sacrifices will be accepted on my altar; for my house shall be called a house of prayer for all peoples. The Lord GOD, who gathers the outcasts of Israel, declares, “I will gather yet others to him besides those already gathered.”
Blessings for Keeping the Sabbath Holy
Isaiah 58:13-14 “If you turn back your foot from the SABBATH, from doing your pleasure on my holy day, and call the SABBATH a delight and the holy day of the LORD honorable; if you honor it, not going your own ways, or seeking your own pleasure, or talking idly; then you shall take delight in the LORD, and I will make you ride on the heights of the earth; I will feed you with the heritage of Jacob your father, for the mouth of the LORD has spoken.”
Sabbath-keeping in the millennium
Isaiah 66:23 And it will be, from one new moon to another, and from one SABBATH to another, all flesh will come to worship before Me, says Jehovah.
Jeremiah Warns About Profaning the Sabbath
Jeremiah 17:7-27) “Blessed is the man who trusts in the LORD, whose trust is the LORD. He is like a tree planted by water, that sends out its roots by the stream, and does not fear when heat comes, for its leaves remain green, and is not anxious in the year of drought, for it does not cease to bear fruit.” The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately sick; who can understand it? “I the LORD search the heart and test the mind, to give every man according to his ways, according to the fruit of his deeds.” Like the partridge that gathers a brood that she did not hatch, so is he who gets riches but not by justice; in the midst of his days they will leave him, and at his end he will be a fool. A glorious throne set on high from the beginning is the place of our sanctuary. O LORD, the hope of Israel, all who forsake you shall be put to shame; those who turn away from you shall be written in the earth, for they have forsaken the LORD, the fountain of living water. Heal me, O LORD, and I shall be healed; save me, and I shall be saved, for you are my praise. Behold, they say to me, “Where is the word of the LORD? Let it come!” I have not run away from being your shepherd, nor have I desired the day of sickness. You know what came out of my lips; it was before your face. Be not a terror to me; you are my refuge in the day of disaster. Let those be put to shame who persecute me, but let me not be put to shame; let them be dismayed, but let me not be dismayed; bring upon them the day of disaster; destroy them with double destruction! Thus said the LORD to me: “Go and stand in the People’s Gate, by which the kings of Judah enter and by which they go out, and in all the gates of Jerusalem, and say: ‘Hear the word of the LORD, you kings of Judah, and all Judah, and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, who enter by these gates. Thus says the LORD: Take care for the sake of your lives, and do not bear a burden on the SABBATH day or bring it in by the gates of Jerusalem. And do not carry a burden out of your houses on the SABBATH or do any work, but keep the SABBATH day holy, as I commanded your fathers. Yet they did not listen or incline their ear, but stiffened their neck, that they might not hear and receive instruction. “‘But if you listen to me, declares the LORD, and bring in no burden by the gates of this city on the SABBATH day, but keep the SABBATH day holy and do no work on it, then there shall enter by the gates of this city kings and princes who sit on the throne of David, riding in chariots and on horses, they and their officials, the men of Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem. And this city shall be inhabited forever. And people shall come from the cities of Judah and the places around Jerusalem, from the land of Benjamin, from the Shephelah, from the hill country, and from the Negeb, bringing burnt offerings and sacrifices, grain offerings and frankincense, and bringing thank offerings to the house of the LORD. But if you do not listen to me, to keep the SABBATH day holy, and not to bear a burden andenter by the gates of Jerusalem on the SABBATH day, then I will kindle a fire in its gates, and it shall devour the palaces of Jerusalem and shall not be quenched.'” (Jeremiah 17: 7-27)
The Sabbaths Profaned
Ezekiel 20:1-44 In the seventh year, in the fifth month, on the tenth day of the month, certain of the elders of Israel came to inquire of the LORD, and sat before me. And the word of the LORD came to me: “Son of man, speak to the elders of Israel, and say to them, Thus says the Lord GOD, Is it to inquire of me that you come? As I live, declares the Lord GOD, I will not be inquired of by you. Will you judge them, son of man, will you judge them? Let them know the abominations of their fathers, and say to them, Thus says the Lord GOD: On the day when I chose Israel, I swore to the offspring of the house of Jacob, making myself known to them in the land of Egypt; I swore to them, saying, I am the LORD your God. On that day I swore to them that I would bring them out of the land of Egypt into a land that I had searched out for them, a land flowing with milk and honey, the most glorious of all lands. And I said to them, Cast away the detestable things your eyes feast on, every one of you, and do not defile yourselves with the idols of Egypt; I am the LORD your God. But they rebelled against me and were not willing to listen to me. None of them cast away the detestable things their eyes feasted on, nor did they forsake the idols of Egypt. “Then I said I would pour out my wrath upon them and spend my anger against them in the midst of the land of Egypt. But I acted for the sake of my name, that it should not be profaned in the sight of the nations among whom they lived, in whose sight I made myself known to them in bringing them out of the land of Egypt. So I led them out of the land of Egypt and brought them into the wilderness. I gave them my statutes and made known to them my rules, by which, if a person does them, he shall live. Moreover, I gave them my SABBATHS, as a sign between me and them, that they might know that I am the LORD who sanctifies them. But the house of Israel rebelled against me in the wilderness. They did not walk in my statutes but rejected my rules, by which, if a person does them, he shall live; and my SABBATHS they greatly profaned. “Then I said I would pour out my wrath upon them in the wilderness, to make a full end of them. But I acted for the sake of my name, that it should not be profaned in the sight of the nations, in whose sight I had brought them out. Moreover, I swore to them in the wilderness that I would not bring them into the land that I had given them, a land flowing with milk and honey, the most glorious of all lands, because they rejected my rules and did not walk in my statutes, and profaned my SABBATHS; for their heart went after their idols. Nevertheless, my eye spared them, and I did not destroy them or make a full end of them in the wilderness. “And I said to their children in the wilderness, Do not walk in the statutes of your fathers, nor keep their rules, nor defile yourselves with their idols. I am the LORD your God; walk in my statutes, and be careful to obey my rules, and keep my SABBATHS holy that they may be a sign between me and you, that you may know that I am the LORD your God. But the children rebelled against me. They did not walk in my statutes and were not careful to obey my rules, by which, if a person does them, he shall live; they profaned my SABBATHS. “Then I said I would pour out my wrath upon them and spend my anger against them in the wilderness. But I withheld my hand and acted for the sake of my name, that it should not be profaned in the sight of the nations, in whose sight I had brought them out. Moreover, I swore to them in the wilderness that I would scatter them among the nations and disperse them through the countries, because they had not obeyed my rules, but had rejected my statutes and profaned my SABBATHS, and their eyes were set on their fathers’ idols. Moreover, I gave them statutes that were not good and rules by which they could not have life, and I defiled them through their very gifts in their offering up all their firstborn, that I might devastate them. I did it that they might know that I am the LORD. “Therefore, son of man, speak to the house of Israel and say to them, Thus says the Lord GOD: In this also your fathers blasphemed me, by dealing treacherously with me. For when I had brought them into the land that I swore to give them, then wherever they saw any high hill or any leafy tree, there they offered their sacrifices and there they presented the provocation of their offering; there they sent up their pleasing aromas, and there they poured out their drink offerings. (I said to them, What is the high place to which you go? So its name is called Bamah to this day.) “Therefore say to the house of Israel, Thus says the Lord GOD: Will you defile yourselves after the manner of your fathers and go whoring after their detestable things? When you present your gifts and offer up your children in fire, you defile yourselves with all your idols to this day. And shall I be inquired of by you, O house of Israel? As I live, declares the Lord GOD, I will not be inquired of by you. “What is in your mind shall never happen—the thought, ‘Let us be like the nations, like the tribes of the countries, and worship wood and stone.’ “As I live, declares the Lord GOD, surely with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm and with wrath poured out I will be king over you. I will bring you out from the peoples and gather you out of the countries where you are scattered, with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm, and with wrath poured out. And I will bring you into the wilderness of the peoples, and there I will enter into judgment with you face to face. As I entered into judgment with your fathers in the wilderness of the land of Egypt, so I will enter into judgment with you, declares the Lord GOD. I will make you pass under the rod, and I will bring you into the bond of the covenant. I will purge out the rebels from among you, and those who transgress against me. I will bring them out of the land where they sojourn, but they shall not enter the land of Israel. Then you will know that I am the LORD. “As for you, O house of Israel, thus says the Lord GOD: Go serve every one of you his idols, now and hereafter, if you will not listen to me; but my holy name you shall no more profane with your gifts and your idols. “For on my holy mountain, the mountain height of Israel, declares the Lord GOD, there all the house of Israel, all of them, shall serve me in the land. There I will accept them, and there I will require your contributions and the choicest of your gifts, with all your sacred offerings. As a pleasing aroma I will accept you, when I bring you out from the peoples and gather you out of the countries where you have been scattered. And I will manifest my holiness among you in the sight of the nations. And you shall know that I am the LORD, when I bring you into the land of Israel, the country that I swore to give to your fathers. And there you shall remember your ways and all your deeds with which you have defiled yourselves, and you shall loathe yourselves for all the evils that you have committed. And you shall know that I am the LORD, when I deal with you for my name’s sake, not according to your evil ways, nor according to your corrupt deeds, O house of Israel, declares the Lord GOD.” (Ezekiel 20:1-44)
Jeremiah laments the judgment on Judah
Lam 2:1 How the Lord in his anger has set the daughter of Zion under a cloud! He has cast down from heaven to earth the splendor of Israel; he has not remembered his footstool in the day of his anger. The Lord has swallowed up without mercy all the habitations of Jacob; in his wrath he has broken down the strongholds of the daughter of Judah; he has brought down to the ground in dishonor the kingdom and its rulers. He has cut down in fierce anger all the might of Israel; he has withdrawn from them his right hand in the face of the enemy; he has burned like a flaming fire in Jacob, consuming all around. He has bent his bow like an enemy, with his right hand set like a foe; and he has killed all who were delightful in our eyes in the tent of the daughter of Zion; he has poured out his fury like fire. The Lord has become like an enemy; he has swallowed up Israel; he has swallowed up all its palaces; he has laid in ruins its strongholds, and he has multiplied in the daughter of Judah mourning and lamentation. He has laid waste his booth like a garden, laid in ruins his meeting place; the LORD has made Zion forget festival and SABBATH, and in his fierce indignation has spurned king and priest. The Lord has scorned his altar, disowned his sanctuary; he has delivered into the hand of the enemy the walls of her palaces; they raised a clamor in the house of the LORD as on the day of festival. The LORD determined to lay in ruins the wall of the daughter of Zion; he stretched out the measuring line; he did not restrain his hand from destroying; he caused rampart and wall to lament; they languished together. Her gates have sunk into the ground; he has ruined and broken her bars; her king and princes are among the nations; the law is no more, and her prophets find no vision from the LORD. The elders of the daughter of Zion sit on the ground in silence; they have thrown dust on their heads and put on sackcloth; the young women of Jerusalem have bowed their heads to the ground. My eyes are spent with weeping; my stomach churns; my bile is poured out to the ground because of the destruction of the daughter of my people, because infants and babies faint in the streets of the city. They cry to their mothers, “Where is bread and wine?” as they faint like a wounded man in the streets of the city, as their life is poured out on their mothers’ bosom. What can I say for you, to what compare you, O daughter of Jerusalem? What can I liken to you, that I may comfort you, O virgin daughter of Zion? For your ruin is vast as the sea; who can heal you? Your prophets have seen for you false and deceptive visions; they have not exposed your iniquity to restore your fortunes, but have seen for you oracles that are false and misleading. All who pass along the way clap their hands at you; they hiss and wag their heads at the daughter of Jerusalem: “Is this the city that was called the perfection of beauty, the joy of all the earth?” All your enemies rail against you; they hiss, they gnash their teeth, they cry: “We have swallowed her! Ah, this is the day we longed for; now we have it; we see it!” The LORD has done what he purposed; he has carried out his word, which he commanded long ago; he has thrown down without pity; he has made the enemy rejoice over you and exalted the might of your foes. Their heart cried to the Lord. O wall of the daughter of Zion, let tears stream down like a torrent day and night! Give yourself no rest, your eyes no respite! “Arise, cry out in the night, at the beginning of the night watches! Pour out your heart like water before the presence of the Lord! Lift your hands to him for the lives of your children, who faint for hunger at the head of every street.” Look, O LORD, and see! With whom have you dealt thus? Should women eat the fruit of their womb, the children of their tender care? Should priest and prophet be killed in the sanctuary of the Lord? In the dust of the streets lie the young and the old; my young women and my young men have fallen by the sword; you have killed them in the day of your anger, slaughtering without pity. You summoned as if to a festival day my terrors on every side, and on the day of the anger of the LORD no one escaped or survived; those whom I held and raised my enemy destroyed.
Nehemiah’s Prayer of Repentance
Nehemiah 9:1-38 Now on the twenty-fourth day of this month the people of Israel were assembled with fasting and in sackcloth, and with earth on their heads. And the Israelites separated themselves from all foreigners and stood and confessed their sins and the iniquities of their fathers. And they stood up in their place and read from the Book of the Law of the LORD their God for a quarter of the day; for another quarter of it they made confession and worshiped the LORD their God. On the stairs of the Levites stood Jeshua, Bani, Kadmiel, Shebaniah, Bunni, Sherebiah, Bani, and Chenani; and they cried with a loud voice to the LORD their God. Then the Levites, Jeshua, Kadmiel, Bani, Hashabneiah, Sherebiah, Hodiah, Shebaniah, and Pethahiah, said, “Stand up and bless the LORD your God from everlasting to everlasting. Blessed be your glorious name, which is exalted above all blessing and praise. “You are the LORD, you alone. You have made heaven, the heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth and all that is on it, the seas and all that is in them; and you preserve all of them; and the host of heaven worships you. You are the LORD, the God who chose Abram and brought him out of Ur of the Chaldeans and gave him the name Abraham. You found his heart faithful before you, and made with him the covenant to give to his offspring the land of the Canaanite, the Hittite, the Amorite, the Perizzite, the Jebusite, and the Girgashite. And you have kept your promise, for you are righteous. “And you saw the affliction of our fathers in Egypt and heard their cry at the Red Sea, and performed signs and wonders against Pharaoh and all his servants and all the people of his land, for you knew that they acted arrogantly against our fathers. And you made a name for yourself, as it is to this day. And you divided the sea before them, so that they went through the midst of the sea on dry land, and you cast their pursuers into the depths, as a stone into mighty waters. By a pillar of cloud you led them in the day, and by a pillar of fire in the night to light for them the way in which they should go. You came down on Mount Sinai and spoke with them from heaven and gave them right rules and true laws, good statutes and commandments, and you made known to them your holy SABBATH and commanded them commandments and statutes and a law by Moses your servant. You gave them bread from heaven for their hunger and brought water for them out of the rock for their thirst, and you told them to go in to possess the land that you had sworn to give them. “But they and our fathers acted presumptuously and stiffened their neck and did not obey your commandments. They refused to obey and were not mindful of the wonders that you performed among them, but they stiffened their neck and appointed a leader to return to their slavery in Egypt. But you are a God ready to forgive, gracious and merciful, slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love, and did not forsake them. Even when they had made for themselves a golden calf and said, ‘This is your God who brought you up out of Egypt,’ and had committed great blasphemies, you in your great mercies did not forsake them in the wilderness. The pillar of cloud to lead them in the way did not depart from them by day, nor the pillar of fire by night to light for them the way by which they should go. You gave your good Spirit to instruct them and did not withhold your manna from their mouth and gave them water for their thirst. Forty years you sustained them in the wilderness, and they lacked nothing. Their clothes did not wear out and their feet did not swell. “And you gave them kingdoms and peoples and allotted to them every corner. So they took possession of the land of Sihon king of Heshbon and the land of Og king of Bashan. You multiplied their children as the stars of heaven, and you brought them into the land that you had told their fathers to enter and possess. So the descendants went in and possessed the land, and you subdued before them the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, and gave them into their hand, with their kings and the peoples of the land, that they might do with them as they would. And they captured fortified cities and a rich land, and took possession of houses full of all good things, cisterns already hewn, vineyards, olive orchards and fruit trees in abundance. So they ate and were filled and became fat and delighted themselves in your great goodness. “Nevertheless, they were disobedient and rebelled against you and cast your law behind their back and killed your prophets, who had warned them in order to turn them back to you, and they committed great blasphemies. Therefore you gave them into the hand of their enemies, who made them suffer. And in the time of their suffering they cried out to you and you heard them from heaven, and according to your great mercies you gave them saviors who saved them from the hand of their enemies. But after they had rest they did evil again before you, and you abandoned them to the hand of their enemies, so that they had dominion over them. Yet when they turned and cried to you, you heard from heaven, and many times you delivered them according to your mercies. And you warned them in order to turn them back to your law. Yet they acted presumptuously and did not obey your commandments, but sinned against your rules, which if a person does them, he shall live by them, and they turned a stubborn shoulder and stiffened their neck and would not obey. Many years you bore with them and warned them by your Spirit through your prophets. Yet they would not give ear. Therefore you gave them into the hand of the peoples of the lands. Nevertheless, in your great mercies you did not make an end of them or forsake them, for you are a gracious and merciful God. “Now, therefore, our God, the great, the mighty, and the awesome God, who keeps covenant and steadfast love, let not all the hardship seem little to you that has come upon us, upon our kings, our princes, our priests, our prophets, our fathers, and all your people, since the time of the kings of Assyria until this day. Yet you have been righteous in all that has come upon us, for you have dealt faithfully and we have acted wickedly. Our kings, our princes, our priests, and our fathers have not kept your law or paid attention to your commandments and your warnings that you gave them. Even in their own kingdom, and amid your great goodness that you gave them, and in the large and rich land that you set before them, they did not serve you or turn from their wicked works. Behold, we are slaves this day; in the land that you gave to our fathers to enjoy its fruit and its good gifts, behold, we are slaves. And its rich yield goes to the kings whom you have set over us because of our sins. They rule over our bodies and over our livestock as they please, and we are in great distress. Because of all this we make a firm covenant in writing; on the sealed document are the names of our princes, our Levites, and our priests.
The Covenant Renewed in Nehemiah’s day
Neh 10:28-39 “The rest of the people, the priests, the Levites, the gatekeepers, the singers, the temple servants, and all who have separated themselves from the peoples of the lands to the Law of God, their wives, their sons, their daughters, all who have knowledge and understanding, join with their brothers, their nobles, and enter into a curse and an oath to walk in God’s Law that was given by Moses the servant of God, and to observe and do all the commandments of the LORD our Lord and his rules and his statutes. We will not give our daughters to the peoples of the land or take their daughters for our sons. And if the peoples of the land bring in goods or any grain on the SABBATH day to sell, we will not buy from them on the SABBATH or on a holy day. And we will forego the crops of the seventh year and the exaction of every debt. We also take on ourselves the obligation to give yearly a third part of a shekel for the service of the house of our God: for the showbread, the regular grain offering, the regular burnt offering, the SABBATHS, the new moons, the appointed feasts, the holy things, and the sin offerings to make atonement for Israel, and for all the work of the house of our God. We, the priests, the Levites, and the people, have likewise cast lots for the wood offering, to bring it into the house of our God, according to our fathers’ houses, at times appointed, year by year, to burn on the altar of the LORD our God, as it is written in the Law. We obligate ourselves to bring the firstfruits of our ground and the firstfruits of all fruit of every tree, year by year, to the house of the LORD; also to bring to the house of our God, to the priests who minister in the house of our God, the firstborn of our sons and of our cattle, as it is written in the Law, and the firstborn of our herds and of our flocks; and to bring the first of our dough, and our contributions, the fruit of every tree, the wine and the oil, to the priests, to the chambers of the house of our God; and to bring to the Levites the tithes from our ground, for it is the Levites who collect the tithes in all our towns where we labor. And the priest, the son of Aaron, shall be with the Levites when the Levites receive the tithes. And the Levites shall bring up the tithe of the tithes to the house of our God, to the chambers of the storehouse. For the people of Israel and the sons of Levi shall bring the contribution of grain, wine, and oil to the chambers, where the vessels of the sanctuary are, as well as the priests who minister, and the gatekeepers and the singers. We will not neglect the house of our God.”
Nehemiah 13:1-31 On that day they read from the Book of Moses in the hearing of the people. And in it was found written that no Ammonite or Moabite should ever enter the assembly of God, for they did not meet the people of Israel with bread and water, but hired Balaam against them to curse them—yet our God turned the curse into a blessing. As soon as the people heard the law, they separated from Israel all those of foreign descent. Now before this, Eliashib the priest, who was appointed over the chambers of the house of our God, and who was related to Tobiah, prepared for Tobiah a large chamber where they had previously put the grain offering, the frankincense, the vessels, and the tithes of grain, wine, and oil, which were given by commandment to the Levites, singers, and gatekeepers, and the contributions for the priests. While this was taking place, I was not in Jerusalem, for in the thirty-second year of Artaxerxes king of Babylon I went to the king. And after some time I asked leave of the king and came to Jerusalem, and I then discovered the evil that Eliashib had done for Tobiah, preparing for him a chamber in the courts of the house of God. And I was very angry, and I threw all the household furniture of Tobiah out of the chamber. Then I gave orders, and they cleansed the chambers, and I brought back there the vessels of the house of God, with the grain offering and the frankincense. I also found out that the portions of the Levites had not been given to them, so that the Levites and the singers, who did the work, had fled each to his field. So I confronted the officials and said, “Why is the house of God forsaken?” And I gathered them together and set them in their stations. Then all Judah brought the tithe of the grain, wine, and oil into the storehouses. And I appointed as treasurers over the storehouses Shelemiah the priest, Zadok the scribe, and Pedaiah of the Levites, and as their assistant Hanan the son of Zaccur, son of Mattaniah, for they were considered reliable, and their duty was to distribute to their brothers. Remember me, O my God, concerning this, and do not wipe out my good deeds that I have done for the house of my God and for his service. In those days I saw in Judah people treading winepresses on the SABBATH, and bringing in heaps of grain and loading them on donkeys, and also wine, grapes, figs, and all kinds of loads, which they brought into Jerusalem on the SABBATH day. And I warned them on the day when they sold food. Tyrians also, who lived in the city, brought in fish and all kinds of goods and sold them on the SABBATH to the people of Judah, in Jerusalem itself! Then I confronted the nobles of Judah and said to them, “What is this evil thing that you are doing, profaning the SABBATH day? Did not your fathers act in this way, and did not our God bring all this disaster on us and on this city? Now you are bringing more wrath on Israel by profaning the SABBATH.” As soon as it began to grow dark at the gates of Jerusalem before the SABBATH, I commanded that the doors should be shut and gave orders that they should not be opened until after the SABBATH. And I stationed some of my servants at the gates, that no load might be brought in on the SABBATH day. Then the merchants and sellers of all kinds of wares lodged outside Jerusalem once or twice. But I warned them and said to them, “Why do you lodge outside the wall? If you do so again, I will lay hands on you.” From that time on they did not come on the SABBATH. Then I commanded the Levites that they should purify themselves and come and guard the gates, to keep the SABBATH day holy. Remember this also in my favor, O my God, and spare me according to the greatness of your steadfast love. In those days also I saw the Jews who had married women of Ashdod, Ammon, and Moab. And half of their children spoke the language of Ashdod, and they could not speak the language of Judah, but only the language of each people. And I confronted them and cursed them and beat some of them and pulled out their hair. And I made them take an oath in the name of God, saying, “You shall not give your daughters to their sons, or take their daughters for your sons or for yourselves. Did not Solomon king of Israel sin on account of such women? Among the many nations there was no king like him, and he was beloved by his God, and God made him king over all Israel. Nevertheless, foreign women made even him to sin. Shall we then listen to you and do all this great evil and act treacherously against our God by marrying foreign women?” And one of the sons of Jehoiada, the son of Eliashib the high priest, was the son-in-law of Sanballat the Horonite. Therefore I chased him from me. Remember them, O my God, because they have desecrated the priesthood and the covenant of the priesthood and the Levites. Thus I cleansed them from everything foreign, and I established the duties of the priests and Levites, each in his work; and I provided for the wood offering at appointed times, and for the firstfruits. Remember me, O my God, for good. (Nehemiah 13:1-31)
The Future Sabbath
Ezekiel’s Temple is yet to be constructed
Eze_46:1 So says the Lord Jehovah: The gate of the inner court that faces eastward shall be shut the six working days. But on the SABBATH it shall be opened, and in the day of the new moon it shall be opened.
Eze_46:4 And the burnt offering that the ruler shall offer to Jehovah in the SABBATH day shall be six lambs without blemish, and a ram without blemish.
Eze_46:12 And when the ruler shall prepare a free-will burnt offering or peace offerings willingly to Jehovah, one shall then open to him the gate that faces eastward, and he shall prepare his burnt offering and his peace offerings, as he did on the SABBATH day. And he shall go out. And after his going out, one shall shut the gate.
Amo_8:4-6 Hear this, you who trample on the needy and bring the poor of the land to an end, saying, When will the new moon be gone so that we may sell grain? And the SABBATH, that we may set forth wheat, making the ephah small and the shekel great, and perverting the balances by deceit; that we may buy the poor for silver and the needy for a pair of sandals and sell the chaff of the wheat?”
Sabbath in the New Testament
Mat_12:1 At that time Jesus went through the grain fields on the SABBATH day. And His disciples were hungry, and began to pluck the heads of grain and to eat.
Mat_12:2 But when the Pharisees saw, they said to Him, Behold, your disciples do that which it is not lawful to do on the SABBATH day. ***
Mat_12:5 Or have you not read in the Law that on the SABBATH days the priests in the temple profane the SABBATH and are blameless?
Mat_12:8 For the Son of Man is Lord even of the SABBATH.
Mat_12:12 How much better is a man then than a sheep? Therefore it is lawful to do well on the SABBATH days.
Mat_24:20 But pray that your flight is not in the winter, nor on the SABBATH day;
Mar_1:21 And they went into Capernaum. And immediately on the SABBATH day He entered into the synagogue and taught. ***
Mar_2:23 And it happened that He went through the grainfields on the SABBATH day. And as they walked His disciples began to pluck the heads of grain.
Mar_2:24 And the Pharisees said to Him, Behold, why do they do that which is not lawful on the SABBATH day? ***
Mar_2:27 And He said to them, The SABBATH came into being for man’s sake, and not man for the SABBATH‘s sake.
Mar_2:28 Therefore the Son of Man is also Lord of the SABBATH.
Mar_3:2 And they watched Him to see if He would heal him on the SABBATH day, so that they might accuse Him. ***
Mar_3:4 And He said to them, Is it lawful to do good on the SABBATH days, or to do evil? To save life, or to kill? But they were silent.
Mar_6:2 And when the SABBATH day had come, He began to teach in the synagogue. And many hearing Him, were astonished, saying, Where does this one get these things? And what wisdom is this which is given to him, that even such mighty works are done by his hands?
Mar_15:42 And it, becoming evening already, since it was the Preparation, that is, the day before SABBATH,
Mar_16:1 And when the SABBATH was past, Mary Magdalene and Mary, the mother of James and Salome, had bought sweet spices so that they might come and anoint Him.
Mar_16:9 And when Jesus had risen early the first day of the SABBATH, He appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom He had cast seven demons.
Luk_4:16 And He came to Nazareth, where He had been brought up. And, as His custom was, He went in to the synagogue on the SABBATH day and stood up to read. ***
Luk_4:31 And He came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and taught them on the SABBATH days.
Luk_6:1 And it happened on the second chief SABBATH, He went through the grain fields. And His disciples plucked the heads of grain and ate, rubbing them in their hands.
Luk_6:2 And certain of the Pharisees said to them, Why do you do that which is not lawful to do on the SABBATH days? ***
Luk_6:5 And He said to them, The Son of Man is Lord also of the SABBATH.
Luk_6:6 And it happened, also on another SABBATH, that He entered into the synagogue and taught. And there was a man whose right hand was withered.
Luk_6:7 And the scribes and Pharisees watched him to see if He would heal on the SABBATH day, so that they might find an accusation against Him. ***
Luk_6:9 Then Jesus said to them, I will ask you one thing: Is it lawful to do good on the SABBATH days, or to do evil, to save life, or to destroy it?
Luk_13:10 And He was teaching in one of the synagogues on the SABBATH.
Luk_13:14 And answering, the synagogue ruler, being angry because Jesus had healed on the SABBATH day, said to the crowd, There are six days in which it is right to work. Therefore in them come and be healed, and not on the SABBATH day. ***
Luk_13:15 And the Lord answered him and said, Hypocrite! Does not each one of you on the SABBATH loosen his ox or ass from the stall and lead it away, to give it drink?
Luk_13:16 And ought not this woman, being a daughter of Abraham whom Satan has bound, lo these eighteen years, be loosened from this bond on the SABBATH day?
Luk_14:1 And as He went into the house of one of the chief Pharisees to eat bread on the SABBATH day, it happened that they watched Him.
Luk_14:3 And answering, Jesus spoke to the lawyers and Pharisees, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the SABBATH day?
Luk_14:5 And He answered them, saying, Which of you shall have an ass or an ox fall into a pit and will not immediately pull him out on the SABBATH day?
Luk_18:12 I fast twice on the SABBATH, I give tithes of all that I possess.
Luk_23:54 And that day was the Preparation, and the SABBATH drew on.
Luk_23:56 And they returned and they prepared spices and ointment. And they rested on the SABBATH day according to the commandment.
Joh_5:9 And immediately the man was made whole and took up his bed and walked. And it was a SABBATH on that day.
Joh_5:10 Therefore the Jews said to him who had been healed, It is the SABBATH. It is not lawful for you to take up the bed. ***
Joh_5:16 And therefore the Jews persecuted Jesus and sought to kill Him, because He had done these things on the SABBATH day. ***
Joh_5:18 Then, because of this, the Jews sought the more to kill Him, because He not only had broken the SABBATH, but also said that God was His father, making Himself equal with God. ***
Joh_7:22 Because of this Moses gave you circumcision (not because it is of Moses, but of the fathers,) and you circumcise a man on the SABBATH day.
Joh_7:23 If a man receives circumcision on the SABBATH day so that the Law of Moses should not be broken, are you angry at Me because I have made a man entirely sound on the SABBATH day?
Joh_9:14 And it was a SABBATH when Jesus made the clay and opened his eyes.
Joh_9:16 Therefore some of the Pharisees said, This man is not from God, because he does not keep the SABBATH. Others said, How can a man, a sinner, do such miracles? And there was a division among them. ***
Joh_19:31 Then the Jews, because it was Preparation, begged Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away, so that the bodies should not remain on the cross on the SABBATH. For that SABBATH was a high day.
Act_1:12 Then they returned to Jerusalem from the mount Of Olive Grove, which is a SABBATH day’s journey from Jerusalem.
Act_13:14 But going through from Perga, they came to Antioch in Pisidia and went into the synagogue on the SABBATH day and sat down.
Act_13:27 For those living in Jerusalem, and their rulers, not having known this One, and the voices of the Prophets being read throughout every SABBATH, condemning Him, they fulfilled the Scriptures.
Act_13:42 And the Jews having gone out of the synagogue, the nations begged that these words might be preached to them the next SABBATH.
Act_13:44 And on the coming SABBATH day almost all the city came together to hear the Word of God.
Act_15:21 For Moses from ages past has those in every city proclaiming him, being read in the synagogues every SABBATH day.
Act_16:13 And on the SABBATH we went out of the city by a river side, where prayer was usually made. And we sat down and spoke to the women who came together there.
Act_18:4 And he reasoned in the synagogue on every SABBATH, persuading both Jews and Greeks.
***Note that it was the custom of Jesus and his disciples, including Paul, to meet on Sabbath. Sabbath seemed to have been Jesus’ favorite time to heal. The Law of God does not prohibit healing on the Sabbath, carrying a mat, or picking grain while walking through a field. These “laws” were man-made. For more on that, please read, Examining the Leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees.
Even the “nations” [gentiles] came on the Sabbath to hear Paul teach (Acts 13:42).
There is not one single reference or hint that the Sabbath was set aside. To the contrary, we are told the Sabbaths are “forever” (Ex. 31:17, Lev. 23:21, 26:31,41, Ps. 92)
“For the Lord GOD does nothing without revealing his secret to his servants the prophets. (Amos 3:7)