Deuteronomy 11:26-16:17, Isaiah 49:14-51:3, Luke 13:34-35
In last week’s torah portion, Moses reminded the generation who was about to cross the Jordan that YHWH chose Israel, not because of their size or devotion; but because He loved their fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. This week, not less than fourteen times, Moses stresses that YHWH will choose a PLACE where the tribes will converge to worship Him, a choice that would not become evident for a few hundred years, until the reign of King David. Yet, as we will see, a clue to its location is provided in the book of Genesis.
Deut. 12:5-7, 10-14, 26-27 (MKJV) But you shall seek to the place which Jehovah your God shall choose out of all your tribes to put His name there, even to His dwelling place you shall seek, and there you shall come. 6) And there you shall bring your burnt offerings, and your sacrifices, and your tithes, and heave offering of your hand, and your vows, and your free-will offerings, and the first-born of your herds and of your flocks. 7) And there you shall eat before Jehovah your God, and you shall rejoice in all that you put your hand to, you and your households in which Jehovah your God has blessed you. 10) But when you go over Jordan and live in the land which Jehovah your God gives you to inherit, and He gives you rest from all your enemies all around, so that you live in safety… 11) then there shall be a place which Jehovah your God shall choose to cause His name to dwell there. There you shall bring all that I command you, your burnt offerings, and your sacrifices, your tithes, and the heave offering of your hand, and all your choice vows which you vow to Jehovah. 12) And you shall rejoice before Jehovah your God; you, your sons, your daughters, your menservants, your female servants, and the Levite that is within your gates (because he has no part nor inheritance with you). 13) Take heed to yourself that you do not offer your burnt offerings in every place that you see. 14) But in the place which Jehovah shall choose in one of your tribes, there you shall offer your burnt offerings, and there you shall do all that I command you. … 26) Only your holy things which you have, and your vows, you shall take and go to the place which Jehovah shall choose. 27) And you shall offer your burnt offerings, the flesh and the blood, on the altar of Jehovah your God. And the blood of your sacrifices shall be poured out on the altar of Jehovah your God, and you shall eat the flesh.
Deu 14:22 You shall truly tithe all the increase of your seed that the field brings forth year by year. 23) And you shall eat before Jehovah your God in the place which He shall choose to place His name there, the tithe of your grain, of your wine, and of your oil, and the first-born of your herds and of your flocks, so that you may learn to fear Jehovah your God always. 24) And if the way is too long for you, so that you are not able to carry it, or if the place is too far from you, which Jehovah your God shall choose to set His name there, when Jehovah your God has blessed you, 25) then you shall turn it into silver and bind up the silver in your hand, and shall go to the place which Jehovah your God shall choose. 26) And you shall pay that silver for whatever your soul desires, for oxen, or for sheep, or for wine, or for strong drink, or for whatever your soul desires. And you shall eat there before Jehovah your God, and you shall rejoice, you and your household.
Deu 15:20 You shall eat before Jehovah your God year by year in the place which Jehovah shall choose, you and your household.
Deu 16:2 And you shall therefore sacrifice the Passover to Jehovah your God, of the flock and the herd, in the place which Jehovah shall choose to place His name there… 6) but at the place which Jehovah your God shall choose to place His name in, there you shall sacrifice the Passover at evening, at the going of the sun, at the time that you came out of Egypt. 7) And you shall roast and eat in the place which Jehovah your God shall choose. And in the morning you shall turn and go to your tents…15) Seven days you shall keep a solemn feast to Jehovah your God in the place which Jehovah shall choose. Because Jehovah your God shall bless you in all your increase, and in all the works of your hands, therefore you shall surely rejoice… 16) Three times in a year shall all your males appear before Jehovah your God in the place which He shall choose: in the Feast of Unleavened Bread, and in the Feast of Weeks, and in the Feast of Tabernacles. And they shall not appear before Jehovah empty, 17) but each with his gift in his hand, according to the blessing of Jehovah your God, which He has given you.
“Ha maqom,” Hebrew for “the place,” is hinted at in the story of the sacrifice of Isaac. Note also the presence of the word “re’eh” in this account.
Gen 22:1-4 (MKVJ) And it happened after these things that God tested Abraham, and said to him, Abraham! And he said, Behold [re’eh] me. And He said, Take now your son, your only one, Isaac, whom you love. And go into the land of Moriah, and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will name to you. And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and saddled his ass, and took two of his young men with him, and Isaac his son. And he split the wood for the burnt offering, and rose up and went to the place of which God had told him. Then on the third day, Abraham lifted up his eyes and saw the place afar off.
“Ha maqom,” is the real estate David purchased from Araunah the Jebusite after he sinned by numbering Israel (1 Chronicles chapter 21). Because David had shed much blood as a man of war, YHWH gently refused David’s request to build the Temple (1 Chron. 28:3) and, instead instructed David to prepare for Solomon, meaning “peaceful” to be the builder.
(1 Kings 6:1) And it happened in the four hundred and eightieth year after the sons of Israel had come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign over Israel… he began to build the house of Jehovah.
(2 Chron. 3:1) Then Solomon began to build the house of the LORD at Jerusalem in mount Moriah, where the LORD appeared unto David his father, in the place that David had prepared in the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite.
(1Kings 6:38) … So he (Solomon) was seven years in building it.
At the inauguration of the Temple built upon the threshing floor, YHWH said,
(1 Kings 9:3) And Jehovah said to (Solomon), I have heard your prayer and your cry which you have made before Me. I have made this house which you have built holy, to put My name there forever. And My eyes and My heart shall be there perpetually.
(1Kings 11:32) … and for Jerusalem’s sake, the city which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel.
( 2 Chron. 6:6) “… I have chosen Jerusalem, so that My name might be there.”
(2 Chron. 7:12) “I … have chosen this place to Myself for a house of sacrifice.”
Facts about Jerusalem:
Jerusalem is mentioned more than 800 times in the King James Bible, with 670 occurrences in the Tanach (Old Testament) and 144 in the New Testament. (Interestingly, the name is not found in the Quran.)
According to Wikipedia, Jerusalem has been attacked 52 times, captured and recaptured 44 times, besieged 23 times, and destroyed twice. The oldest part of the city was settled in the 4th millennium BCE, making Jerusalem one of the oldest cities in the world.
The bible refers to Jerusalem variously as the “holy city,” “the city of David,” “the city of God,” “the city of Judah,” “the city of truth,” “the city of the great king,” and “the city of our holy meetings.”
Previous to David’s capture, the city was known as Jebus (Judges 19:10).
Jerusalem was the capitol of the united kingdom under David and Solomon.
The Temple was built in Jerusalem by Solomon in the mid 10th century BCE.
Solomon petitions God several times to answer those who pray in or toward the Temple in Jerusalem (2 Chron. chapter 6).
After Solomon’s death, the kingdom was divided. Jerusalem remained the capitol of Judah, the southern kingdom.
King Manasseh desecrated the Temple by setting up an idol in it (2 Chron. 33:7)
The city was destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BCE. The inhabitants and the temple furnishings were carried into Babylon.
In 536 BCE King Cyrus issued a decree that the captives should return (Ezra 1:1-4) According to the books of Ezra and Nehemiah, some 42,000 did so. Nehemiah inspired and oversaw the rebuilding of Jerusalem’s wall. Zerubbabel eventually rebuilt the temple (Haggai 1:1-15 & 2:1-23).
The prophet Isaiah issues numerous promises and warnings to Jerusalem, 47 verses in all. Jeremiah, the weeping prophet penned 98 verses, many focused on the coming destruction and eventual restoration; Ezekiel contains 26 references with the same focus.
The writer of Lamentations likens Jerusalem to a forsaken widow. “How alone sits the city that was full of people! She has become like a widow, once great among the nations, a noblewoman among the nations, but now has become a tribute-payer. 2) She bitterly weeps in the night, and her tears are on her cheeks; among all her lovers, she has none to comfort her. All her friends have dealt deceitfully with her; they became her enemies. (Lam. 1:1-2)
Following the star, the wise men came to Jerusalem to seek He who was born king of the Jews. (Mat. 2:1)
Yeshua/Jesus was tempted by satan in Jerusalem. “And he brought Him to Jerusalem and sat Him on a pinnacle of the temple and said to Him, If you are the Son of God, cast yourself down from here.” (Luke 4:9)
Great multitudes of people from Jerusalem followed Yeshua/Jesus (Mat. 4:25).
Yeshua/Jesus, the disciples, apostles, including Paul, are seen throughout the New Testament going up to Jerusalem for the feasts of Passover/Pesach, Pentecost/Shavuot, and Tabernacles/Sukkot.
Yeshua/Jesus went to Jerusalem for the Feast of Dedication [Hebrew: Hanakah] (John 10:22)
Weeping over the city, Yeshua/Jesus said, “Jerusalem! Jerusalem! the one killing the prophets, and stoning those having been sent to her; how often I desired to gather your children in the way a hen gathers her brood under the wings, and you did not desire it. Behold, your house is left to you desolate. And truly I say to you, You will not see Me until it come when you say, Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord. (Luke 13:34-35)
Yeshua/Jesus was crucified in Jerusalem, on Mount Moriah, “the place” where Abraham took Isaac.
Yeshua/Jesus told the disciples to tarry in Jerusalem for the promise of the Father” (Luke 24:49). The Holy Spirit was poured out on the Feast of Pentecost/Shavuot in Acts chapter 2, initiating a group who became known as followers of the Way (Acts 9:2) and the Sect of the Nazarenes (Acts 24:5), both persecuted by the Jewish religious leaders.
Note: Someone might want to inform UNESCO of these events. In October 2016 it issued a statement, still not retracted, that Israel has no connection with Jerusalem. I agree with one journalist who retorted, “UNESCO has no connection with TRUTH!”
Shabbat shalom everyone!